Biographies

Thurgood Marshall

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Occupation: Lawyer and Supreme Court Justice Born: July 2, 1908 in Baltimore, Maryland Died: January 24, 1993 in Bethesda, Maryland Best known for: Becoming the first African-American Supreme Court Justice Biography: Where did Thurgood Marshall grow up? Thurgood Marshall was born in Baltimore, Maryland on July 2, 1908. His father, …

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Harriet Tubman

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Harriet Tubman escaped slavery to become a leading abolitionist. She led hundreds of enslaved people to freedom along the route of the Underground Railroad. Who Was Harriet Tubman? Born into slavery in Maryland, Harriet Tubman escaped to freedom in the North in 1849 to become the most famous “conductor” on …

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Ruby Bridges

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Ruby Bridges, in full Ruby Nell Bridges, married name Ruby Bridges-Hall, (born September 8, 1954, Tylertown, Mississippi, U.S.), American activist who became a symbol of the civil rights movement and who was, at age six, the youngest of a group of African American students to integrate schools in the American South. Bridges was the eldest of eight children, born …

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Martin Luther King Jr

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Martin Luther King Jr. was a scholar and minister who led the civil rights movement. After his assassination, he was memorialized by Martin Luther King Jr. Day. Who Was Martin Luther King Jr? Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist minister and civil-rights activist who had a seismic impact on …

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James Meredith

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James Meredith is a civil rights activist who became the first African American to attend the University of Mississippi in 1962. Who Is James Meredith? James Meredith is an American civil rights activist, writer and Air Force veteran.  A Mississippi-native, Meredith joined the military after high school and attended an all-Black …

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Malcolm X

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Malcolm X was an African American civil rights leader prominent in the Nation of Islam. Until his 1965 assassination, he vigorously supported Black nationalism. Who Was Malcolm X? Malcolm X was a minister, human rights activist and prominent Black nationalist leader who served as a spokesman for the Nation of …

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Denis Mukwege

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“We can’t solve this problem if men don’t stand up. They must stand up and tell the men who rape: We do not accept this. If you do not rape but keep silent about rape it means that you accept it.” Dr. Denis Mukwege is a gynaecologist working in the …

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Liu Xiaobo

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Liu Xiaobo, (born December 28, 1955, Changchun, Jilin province, China—died July 13, 2017, Shenyang, Liaoning province, China), Chinese literary critic, professor, and human rights activist who called for democratic reforms and the end of one-party rule in China. In 2010 he became the first Chinese citizen to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Liu graduated from Jilin University in 1982, …

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World Renowned Man of History > John Cabot

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John Cabot (aka Giovanni Caboto, c. 1450 – c. 1498 CE) was an Italian explorer who famously visited the eastern coast of Canada in 1497 CE and 1498 CE in his ship the Mathew (also spelt Matthew). Sponsored by Henry VII of England (r. 1457-1509 CE) to search for a sea route to Asia, Cabot’s …

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Tolulope Arotile (13 December 1995 – 14 July 2020)

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Tolulope Oluwatoyin Sarah Arotile (13 December 1995 – 14 July 2020) was the first-ever female combat helicopter pilot in the Nigerian Air Force. She contributed significantly to combat operations against insecurity in the northern states of Nigeria. Arotile died from a head injury she sustained from a freak accident at the Nigerian Air …

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Sir William Arthur Lewis, Economics Explained

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The problem of economics in developing nations has always been a very complex equation that no theorist has been able to solve. However disparities between agrarian and industrialized economies and how they can relate and balance each other has its roots in the theories of economist William Arthur Lewis. Born …

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Eunice Hunton Carter, Mob Buster

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The 1920s and 30s were a time when organized crime was an unseen hand playing a significant part in urban life across the country. In no city was that more evident than New York. At the time, law enforcement hadn’t made the connection between racketeering and petty crime. Then Eunice …

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Frederick Jones, Mr. Freeze

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While at the supermarket, most people take for granted that their food and its additives not only had to be transported from another location, but that it had to be kept at a low temperature to prevent spoilage. Refrigerating food is a very old idea, but up until the middle …

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Mariama Ba (April 17, 1929–August 17, 1981)

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Mariama B (April 17, 1929–August 17, 1981) was a Senegalese author and feminist, who wrote in French. Born in Dakar, she was raised a Muslim, but at an early age came to criticise what she perceived as inequalities between the sexes resulting from African traditions. Raised by her traditional grandparents, …

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#DagrinLivesOn

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Oladapo Olaitan Olaonipekun popularly known as Dagrin is no doubt one of the best lyricist to come out of Nigeria. The news of his sudden death at the peak of his career came as a rude shock to many people.  April 22, marks six years since Dagrin passed on and …

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Christopher Columbus (c. 1451–1506)

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Famed Italian explorer Christopher Columbus discovered the ‘New World’ of the Americas on an expedition sponsored by King Ferdinand of Spain in 1492. Who Was Christopher Columbus? Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer and navigator. In 1492, he sailed across the Atlantic Ocean from Spain in the Santa Maria, with …

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10 Things You May Not Know About Jefferson Davis

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On the anniversary of the capture of Jefferson Davis by Union forces, explore 10 surprising facts about the Confederate president. 1. Davis was not a secessionist leader. Less than two months before his inauguration as Confederate president, U.S. Senator Jefferson Davis opposed secession for his home state of Mississippi. While …

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Marcus Garvey

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Marcus Garvey was a proponent of the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, inspiring the Nation of Islam and the Rastafarian movement. Who Was Marcus Garvey? Born in Jamaica, Marcus Garvey was an orator for the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, to which end he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association …

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Angela Davis Scholar, Civil Rights Activist

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Angela Davis is an activist, scholar and writer who advocates for the oppressed. She has authored several books, including Women, Culture & Politics. Who Is Angela Davis? Angela Davis, born on January 26, 1944, in Birmingham, Alabama, became a master scholar who studied at the Sorbonne. She joined the U.S. …

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Stephen Bantu Biko

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Introduction Stephen (Steve) Bantu Biko was a popular voice of Black liberation in South Africa between the mid 1960s and his death in police detention in 1977. This was the period in which both the ANC and the PAC had been officially banned and the disenfranchised Black population (especially the youth) were highly receptive …

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